Among the Caribbean destinations San Juan in Puerto Rico is backed with a long history and is well known as one of the most historic cities in the World. It was settled within a few years after Columbus landed for the first time in this region. It stood firmly for many years witnessing many ups and downs, historic events like naval battles and pirate attacks. Today the city is known for its intriguing history and a reputed Caribbean tourist destination. Let us visualize a few of its popular historic places, monuments and forts.
La Fortaleza - The period between 15th and 19th centuries saw a rise in building defensive structures at important locations in order to protect and defend the city and Bay of San Juan. These structures which are a fine example of European military architecture are the marvels of San Juan. La Fortaleza comprises of three forts of San Felipe del Morro, San Cristóbal and San Juan de la Cruz and a large portion of the City Wall. These forts are best examples of age old methods of military constructions. The architecture of these forts is the best example of European designs and techniques to withstand the extreme conditions of the Caribbean port cities. It reflects a major development in military architecture over the centuries regarding construction of a fortress, an arsenal, a prison as well as residence of the Governor-General El Morro.