Lined with several bays and sandy beaches, Phuket is the largest island of Thailand. Its name originates from the Malay word 'Bukit' which means 'hill', as it is what the island appears like when viewed from a distance. Tourists who visit this region can find plenty of things to do on its fabulous coasts. What they truly appreciate about Phuket is that it has still managed to retain its beauty and charm, while having undergone tremendous developments in the past few years. Its rainforest and coastline has received active protection from the authorities to conserve vast expanses of flora and fauna. With all these fascinating features, it has now become one of the most sought after tourist destinations in the world.
Written records from the colonial times suggest that this region was one of the major trade routes between China and India. Major powers of those times such as, the British, French and Dutch, competed for trade with Phuket owing to its rich reserves of tin. In late seventeenth century, King Narai gave significant controls of this region to the French in an attempt to reduce the British and Dutch influence. The Siamese revolution of 1688 resulted in expelling of the French from this island. In late eighteenth century, the Burmese attacked Phuket, but were forced to retreat by the wife of deceased governor and her sister. During the early twentieth century, Phuket became a province by itself.